Green & Silver Buttonwood
The scientific name of the Buttonwood mangrove is Conocarpus erectus. Some scientists do not consider this tree a true mangrove like the Red, Black and White mangrove because it grows high on land away from the reach of the tide. But other scientists say this tree still belongs to the mangrove group because it can survive in harsh environments with salty and dry soils.
Buttonwood is often used for landscaping. The wood was used for firewood,cabinets, and making charcoal. It is very strong wood and ideal for smoking meats and fish because it burns slowly and releases generous quantities of heat.
Buttonwood is tough and long lasting in the landscape. It can withstand the stress of urban settings and makes a sturdy street or parking lot tree.
There are two types of Buttonwood trees: the Green and the Silver buttonwood.
The name buttonwood comes from the button-like appearance of the flower heads that grow in branched clusters, forming cone-like fruit. The Flowers are greenish in colour. Buttonwoods do not reproduce via propagules, but instead producing seed cases.
While the three mangrove species have leaves that occur opposite of each other, the buttonwood leaves alternate. Both buttonwoods have long, pointed leaves that have two salt-excreting glands located at the base. But the leaves of the Silver buttonwood are shimmery silver in colour and feel like velvet.